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the tenth most visible sites in Kashan

Desert Pearl, Kashan

Kashan is the historical city located in Esfahan province in Iran, which is the first of oases along the Qum-Kerman road that runs along the edge of the Dash-e-Kavir, central desert in Iran. Sialk hillocks located in 4 km west of Kashan reveal one of the primary prehistoric civilizations around 6000 years ago. Moreover, the most well-known historical houses that were built during 18th and 20th century are among the other sites of tourist attractions addressed to be one of breathtaking sites in Kashan. After Esfahan and Shiraz, Kashan known as the most popular city among foreign tourists due to its various tourist attractions. In below, Parvaz Aram Abi tries to introduce the most well-known sceneries and historical sites in Kashan.

1 . Agha-Bozorg mosque

Agha-Bozorg Mosque is the historical mosque in Kashan that was built in 19 century and is one of the best examples of the architectural masterpieces in Qajarieh era that consists two porches, one in front of sanctuary which has 2 minarets with brick dome and the other one located in the entrance door. Furthermore, a courtyard in the middle comprises trees and a fountain in center.

Agha-Bozorg mosque

2 . Sialk hillocks (Sialk Ziggurat)

The Sialk Ziggurat is a largest ancient archeological site in Kashan close to Fin Garden that was told it built by Sialk People, the ancient residents of Kashan. A joint study between the Louver, the institute Francais de Recherché en Iran, and Iran’s culture heritage organization verify the oldest settlement in Sialk back to 5500-6000 BC.

3 . The Traditional Kashan Bazaar

The traditional and oldest Bazaar in Kashan in which located in central of Kashan have been built in Seljuk era (11 century), although its renovation had been done in Safavid period (15 century). Most of its stores have remained until now, and some of them belonged to dozens of generations in which have been transferred to their offspring’s. Most of tourists believe that the most stunning feature of the Bazaar is its impressive ceiling.

The Traditional Kashan Bazaar

4 . Traditional Persian Architecture, Ameri House and Abbasi house, and Tabatabaei house

During 18th and 19th centuries, Kashan was a favorite vacation spot for Iranian wealthy traders and noblemen. In fact, those times were a prosperous times for Iranian merchants to trade between Iran and Russia. Although, in late of 18th century, cause of deadly earthquake in Kashan, most of historical architectures were collapsed including the more wealthy architectures that were built by Shah Abbas I, the mighty Safavid King (1571-1629 CE), however, some of them were survived and others were reconstructed over times.

The most prominent among these impressive architectures can be addressed to Ameri, Abbasi and Tabatabaei houses, all of which, nowadays, have been turned into public museum.

Ameri House

Ameri house was built during Zand era (middle of 18th century) for Agha-Ameri who was responsible for security of Tehran and Kerman route. The house was built in an area of 9000 square meters and has 7 courtyards, like the other house around, it was renovated in 19th century due to fatal earthquake occurred in the late of 18th century.

Ameri House - KASHAN

Abbasi house

Abbasi house is among the largest historical architecture in Kashan that was built in the late 18th century. The house has six courtyards and after death of its primary owner was separated and turned into 6 independent different house that would have been fitted for different families.

Abbasi house as viewpoint of architectural site has an impressive design with stunning stucco, delightful wall painting and Islamic architecture decorations standing in the peak of beauty and elegance.

Abbasi house - KHASHAN

Tabatabaei house

Tabatabaei house is one of the most stunning historical buildings where located in the old part of Kashan. This house Considered as the masterpiece of architecture, by which Tabatabaei, one of the most prominent carpet merchant, which was built in late the 18th century. This stunning house consists 40 rooms, 4 yards, 4 cellars, 3 windward, and 2 aqueducts; moreover, it comprises wall painting, elegant stain glass windows as well as other classic features of tradition Persian architecture, such as Biruni and Andaruni.

Tabatabaei house - KHASHAN

5 . Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse

Sultan Ahmad Bathhouse is a historical Iranian Public Bathhouse that was built in 16th century during Safavid Dynasty, even though it was renewed during Qajar Dynasty due to the fatal earthquake in 1778 that caused widespread damages, in addition, lastly renovation was done in 1996 successfully. The bathhouse covered an area of 1000 square meters including 2 main parts, Sarbineh (dressing hall), large octagonal hall and pool separated by 8 pillars from outer section, and the other part called Garmineh (the hot bathing hall) includes smaller bathing rooms and entrance section which called Khazineh (final bathing room). You can see impressive decoration of turquoise, gold tile-work, brickwork and artistic painting inside of the bathhouse, moreover, its roof consisting of multiple domes that contain convex glasses to provide adequate lighting into bathhouse while hiding it form of outside.

Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse - KHASHAN

6 . Fin Garden

Fin Garden primarily designed as a form of Persian style garden for Shah Abass I, the mightiest king of Safavid Dynasty, who like Kashan very much insofar as he ordered to buried in Kashan. This spectacular garden added to the world heritage of UNESCO in 2011 along other Iranian heritage sites, which is covered 23000 square meters with Cedar trees dating back to 500 years surrounded the garden and its turquoise seven ponds.

Fin Garden - KHASHAN

On one side of the garden is the bathhouse where Amir-Kabir, Iranian Hero, prime minister under Naser-od-Shah from 1848 to 1851 was assassinated cause of plotting the king’s mother. He was fundamental reformed especially in the fields of education and administration, but his popularity had not been appreciated by royal court and the king’s families, therefore, he was imprisoned in Fin Garden and eventually killed in the bathhouse.

 7 . The shrine of Imamzadeh Hilal Ibn Ali

The beautiful shrine of Imamzadeh Hilal Ibn Ali, Prophet Mohammad offspring’s, located in Aran Va Bidgol, a village situated about 15 Km north-west of Kashan. The mausoleum decorated elaborately and designed colorfully. It has one of places near Kashan that has a worth to see it.

The shrine of Imamzadeh Hilal Ibn Ali - KHASHAN

8 . Maranjab Carvansary

Maranjab Caravansary is one of 999 Iranian Caravansaries built by Shah Abbas I in 1603 AD that was located in Aran Va Bidgol desert, near its Salt Lake. It was a significant stopover and a place for rest and recover after a daily’s Journey for passengers of Silk Road who used this route for trading between different parts of Asia especially China, North Africa, and South-Eastern Europe.

Maranjab Caravansary - KHASHAN

Typically, most of traditional Caravansaries had been guarded by a trench scout and 500 armed guards who held responsible for Caravansaries’ security and safe passage of goods from China to Europe and vice versa. Subterranean springs creates fresh water in which just like a miracle on the heart the salty desert.

9 . The stunning village of Abyaneh

Abyaneh village, also known “red village” is one the best preserved villages in Iran dating back hundred years ago in which situated around 80 Km south of Kashan along the slopes of Karkas (Vulture) Mount. An Abyanki woman typically wears a white long scarf covering the shoulders and upper trunk with colorful pattern and an upper-knee skirt while wearing colored flared trousers. The dialect of Abyanki people is classified into Middle Persian language, the language of Sasanian Persia.

The stunning village of Abyaneh - KASHAN

Jame’ mosque with its historical wooden style dating back to 1374 AD, the very old fire temple belong to Abyanki ancient Zoroastrians, and two mausoleum belonged to offspring’s of Imam Kazem, the seventh Imam of Shia are the other spectacular parts of Abyaneh.

April and May are the best time to visit this stunning village, which is the time of Rose-watering.

10 . Niasar Village

Niasar is a small village with full of gardens located 28 Km west of Kashan that its popularity owe to flower-water festival taking place each year in May. Many people in different parts of the world as well as different parts of Iran get together to visit this exiting festival.

Niasar fire temple is one of historical sites in the amazing village located in the highest point and over a rocky hill, which has been made of stones bonded with mortar, however, the main parts of it had been collapsed many years ago.

Niasar cave is a man-made cave for the purpose of worship and like all Mitra (goddess of sun and kindest) caves in the ancient era had been built in full darkness, while signs of water erosion on the rocks proved that the cave had a picturesque area since time immemorial.

A few meters down to the Niasar fire temple, a clean and cool spring flows through the village, considered as the most known earliest springs and located at the beginning of the historical part of this area. Niasar waterfall is an eye-catching place surrounded by beautiful lush tress such as willows, elms, junipers, ash, berries, figs and vines.

Dolat Abad Garden

Dolat Abad Garden

Dolat Abad Garden is a famous complex of Zand Dynasty and its instruction dates back to 1160 HA, which was built by the order of Mohammad Taghi Khan Bafghi, the governor of Yazd.

This beautiful Dolat Abad garden consists of a pavilion that was built according to the original Iranian architectural style and a large garden and some other buildings.

Long pool in the shade of the tall cypress trees leads to the main entrance. On the way to the mansion, there are beautiful grape and pomegranate trees behind those tall trees.

The tallest wind tower of the pavilion inside the garden is conceivable from miles away. This traditional air-conditioning system of local houses around the desert in Iran is the essential elements at the residential structures. However, the exaggerated grand size of this wind catcher functioned perfectly well. Actually the Dolat Abad garden is also renowned for having Iran’s tallest badgir (the windward), that is standing over 33 meters; though this one was rebuilt after it collapsed in the 1960s.

Dolat Abad Garden02- YAZD - IRAN

The most significant characteristics of the design of Dolat abad Garden is believed to be the attempt of the architect in selecting tactful angles for providing the best views and landscape internally.

The Dowlatabad Wind Tower (badgir), presumably the world’s tallest, is said to be 260 years old and about 33 meters high. It is surrounded by intricately hand-carved wooden lattice panels and stands atop the Dowlatabad Ab-Anbar (cistern).

Water reservoirs, or ‘Ab Anbars’ as they are nationally known, are traditional water supply systems that make urban settlements possible in the Kavir desert region of Central Iran. Ab-Anbars consist of four elements: underground reservoir, platform, dome, and wind tower.

The Dolat Abad Wind Tower

The Dolat Abad Wind Tower sits atop the Howz Khaneh (pool house) in Dolat Abad Garden and has delicate stained glass decorations. This wind tower created a cool sitting room for the residents of the garden.

Wind towers are important elements in traditional Iranian architecture, providing natural air-conditioning in hot, dry and humid climates for thousands of years. The function of the cistern found below most wind towers in warm dry regions was to help balance humidity inside the structure.

Wind towers consist of four parts: the body containing shafts, air shelves which catch hot air and prevent it from entering the structure, flaps which redirect wind circulation, and a roof covering.

Iran_Yazd_Bagh-e_Dolat_Abad_Pavilion_des_Karim_Khan_Zand_1600

Wind travels through the shafts on top of the tower to reach the interior of the building. The airflow inside the structure travels in two directions, up and down. The temperature difference between the interior and exterior of a building causes pressure variations which result in the creation of air currents. In cities where the wind only blows from one direction, one shaft operates to receive the breeze and the other three work as air outlet passages.

Iran_Yazd_Bagh-e_Dolat_Abad_Pavilion_des_Karim_Khan_Zand

The Dolat Abad Wind Tower is located in the Dolat Abad garden and was originally created by Mohammad Taqi Khan also known as the Great Khan, who governed Yazd in the 18th century and who founded the Khan dynasty in Yazd. The Khan initially had a 65-kilometer deep Qanat (underground water management system resembling a well) dug to transfer water from Mahriz to the city of Yazd in order to create a heavenly garden in the midst of one of the driest cities of Iran and establish his center of rule.

ALL ABOUT FARS

Introduction:

Fars province is known as cradle of Iran culture and civilization, due to be unique historical and cultural background. The province recorded around 3000 monuments on the national Heritage list, and ranks first in the country in terms of having cultural and historical monuments. The existence of four UNESCO world heritage sites such as: Pasargad, Persepolice, Pasargad Persian Garden (date back to Achaemenid era), Eram Garden, as well as historical cities of Anshan and Malian (Date back to Elimate era), historical cities of Istakhr, Bishapour, Goor, Sarmashhad, Darabgerd, and more than 30 Sassanid bas- relief indicates the importance of the Fars province.

The existence of two prominent poets by the name of Hafez and Saadi, having many beautiful mosques, holy shrines lead to Fars special position among other provinces that is why Shiraz, the capital of Fars Province regarded as third religious city in Islamic Republic of Iran as well as cultural capital of the country.

Having very many unique natural places in which most of them are regarded as top tourism spot; introduce Fars Province as one of the most important investment opportunities for domestic and international investors.

In addition to all above information, having different kinds of handicrafts field with presence of the best handicrafts artisans’ shows high potential of Fars Province in realm of handicrafts.

Inlaid work artisan of Fars Province introduce this art to all part of Iran and the rest of the world, moreover, authentic nomad’s art and hand-woven nomadic art cannot be found elsewhere in the world.

Fars Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts & Tourism organization has always tried to step forward to identify, protect and introduce historical, natural and religious attractions in order to accomplish its mission.

MAIN SIGHTS 

 1.Historical Sights

Pasargadae

Persepolis (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Naqshe Rostum (Necropolis)

Bishapour (Shapour’s City)

Quran Gate

Karim Khan Citadel (Arg-e Karim Khan)

2.Gardens

Eram Botanical Garden (UNESCO Word Heritage Site)

Naranjestan

Zinat al- Molk House

3.Mosques

Holy Shrine of Shah-e Cheragh

Nasir-al-Molk Mosque

Vakil Mosque

4.Mausoleums

Hafez Mausoleum

Saadi Mausoleum

5.Other

Vakil Bath

Vakil Bazaar

Handicrafts

Other Attractions of Shiraz

Other Attractions of Shiraz

Other Attractions of Shiraz can be listed as below:

1.Vakil Bath

Vakil bath is a typical traditional public bath in Shiraz. It was a part of the royal district constructed during Karim Khan Zand’s reign, which includes Arg of Karim Khan (Karim Khan Citadel), Vakil Bazaar, Vakil Mosque and many other administrative buildings.

2.Vakil Bazaar

Most tourists go shopping in Vakil bazaar. It has its own charm; you are going to explore this bazaar for shopping at reasonable prices. You will also be amazed by the fascinating high-arched ceilings of Vakil Bazaar in the southern section.

Soon after entering, you can see a dome with a junction underneath. It gives you an idea of the passageways crossing the main one offering similar items, workshops and warehouses. Proceed to the end of this passageway and you will see dozens of fabric stores selling glittering materials.

There is also a traditional caravansary located in this beautiful bazaar, that you can see the astonishing set of stores offering Iranian traditional handicrafts from carpets to enamel works and from inlaid woodworks to copper items. This colorful place, which called Saraye Moshir, is an impressive part of the bazaar and easily distinguished for its charming tile works and the pool in the middle of its courtyard. Several types of handicrafts from Fars province can be found here.

3.Handicrafts

The distinguished Handicrafts of Fars have special place in international markets. Persian carpets and rugs (Kilim, Flat tapestry-woven carpets), (Gabbe, handmade thick Persian rug), Inlaid works (Khatam) and tile work are very famous.