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Isfahan

Fin Garden & Bath (Kashan)

Kashan’s Fin Garden, is one of the Iranian gardens which have the Fin’s Bath inside the garden. At 1852, Nasser Al-Din Shah, the Qajar King, murdered Amir Kabir, the prime minister of Iran in that era. The history of this garden is belonging to the Safavid dynasty. The garden’s width is about 23 thousand square meters which included a central yard surrounding with walls, fortification & shaft towers. In comparison with most of similar Iranian gardens, the Fin’s Garden supplying with significant water amount. This historical garden is one of the most visited touristic monuments of Isfahan which takes the title of ‘most visited’ in 2018 & 2019 at Persian New Year.

The Fin’s Garden and the building complex in Kashan at 07th Dec of 1935 with registration No. 238 also registered with the title of one of the “Iranian National Effects” and in years ago registered internationally at UNESCO.f

Chehel Sotoon Palace

The opportunity of visiting Chehel Sotoon in Isfahan who the kings some day walk in to it and considering the state affairs, is something happen rarely.  Chehel Sotoon Palace is one of the unique high-level Iranian art works, surrounding with popular Iranian gardens and registered on UNESCO World Heritage. Watching Chehel Sotoon porch’s piles reflection on the beautiful garden’s pool and green space is the most suggested that you have not miss during your visit of Isfahan.

If you are interested in painting, miniature & mirrors, Chehel Sotoon Palace is a fantastic place for you.

Menar Jonban Minarets

Menar Jonban is another monument of Isfahan and one of the important spectaculars of the city. In the past, Menar Jonban was separated from the city and located in a village called “Karladan” but today this building is Isfahan’s part, near a neighborhood called “Nasr Abad”. This building with designed with azure tiles and the interesting point in this historical building is when you move one of the minarets, not only another one shake, but also the whole building shake too.

Aali Qapu Palace

In the past, because lack of high buildings, the first thing drew attention at arrival of the passengers and businessman to the city, was the King Abbas I or the Aali Qapu Palace. Aali Qapu or Aali Qapur is an Azeri idiom which means “Tall Gates”. The glorious Aali Qapu Palace has 6 floors and located in front of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque. This multipurpose building was really important to the king because it was the place for visits and domestic & international meetings. In addition, the King Abbas and the courts, was sit here and watched the Horse Riding & Chogan matches. The interesting point is who Sheikh Bahaie built a pool in this place made of copper and stone which got full with inhale and exhale of air and helped reflection of wooden roof of Aali Qapu and air cooling but unfortunately now because of exhaustion, remaining useless. This pavilion is 2 floors at in front sight and 5 floors behind and another beautiful architecture of this pavilion is emergency staircase.

Si o Se Pol Bridge

One of the earliest architectural masterpieces of Isfahan in Safavid era on the Zayanderoud River, is Si o Se Pol Bridge in urban or Allah Verdikhan Bridge. This bridge called Pol e Jolfa Bridge in the past (because it arrived to Jolfa which newly built). In this case is, this bridge was named “Allah Verdikhan Bridge” who Allah Verdikhan, the King Abbas I famous Commander in-chief, was the building officer. Si o Se Pol has magnificent architectural who each visitor interested in. In historical books wrote earlier, Si o Se Pol, had forty spouts which in the pass of time and corruptions, convert to thirty-three spouts. Because of Zayanderoud river passing under this bridge, the lower parts of the bridge were and is cool.

Vank Cathedral

This cathedral, which is recognized Isfahan’s Armenian Cathedral, built at the era of King Abbas II and similar to St. Stepanos Monastery in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. With consideration of gold works of roof and inner surface of dome and historical paintings, is one of the most beautiful cathedrals of Isfahan and the world. Inside of the cathedral and all the walls surrounding, designed by oil colored and gold water painting in Iranian style and pictures of Jesus Christ life affected by Italian paintings. This cathedral has beautiful huge dome and walls and high-top roofs and nowadays is the residence of Great Armenian Caliph of Iran and India.

Meidan Naqsh-e Jahan Sq.

Whole of the Isfahan on a side, Meidan Naqsh-e Jahan Sq. on another side. A square that become worldwide like its name “The Image of the World”. This historical complex is combination of historical buildings with historical antiquity. This square and surroundings including King’s Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Aali Qapu Palace, Qeisarieh Bazaar and other beautiful and old bazaars which built in Safavid dynasty. This complex which built, by the order of the King Abbas I, like the model of Nakhjavan Garden of Azerbaijan (the country) and made by the hand works of the artists like Mohammadreza & Aliakbar Esfahani. All the family & plural entertainments and tourism facilities is located in this square and if you stop to visit this place you will spend a lot of time on it. On the 11th century this square was one of the biggest squares of the world and it could possible to use the square space for Chogan or other entertaining matches. Nowadays Meidan Naqsh-e Jahan square is one of the main attractions for country mates and foreign tourists in Isfahan which everyday a massive number of tourists come to visit. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Aali Qapu Palace are most important monuments of the area. On the other hand we can consider the Imam Mosque and the Qeisarieh Gate of the most significant historical and touristic monuments of Isfahan.

Isfahan

Isfahan Naqsh –e Jahan Sq.’s Bazaars

If you discuss about Isfahan and its monuments, Naqsh –e Jahan Sq. is the first option among other monuments of the city. This square including 4 historical phenomena and suitable space is one of the most visited historical monuments of Isfahan and each year, lots of Iranian and foreign tourists come to visit this place. Naqsh –e Jahan’s Bazaars, from Gheisarieh Bazaar to square’s shops, are the popularity reasons of the city and one of the best places to buy souvenirs and first option for businessmen to buy and export goods. Each shop in the square is story teller of stories and art’s history which today is going to forgetting. On this essay we decide to walk in the all the shops of this square to show you the prettiness and special arts of this city.

Gheisarieh Bazaar, one of the most historical bazaars in Naqsh –e Jahan

This Bazaar is one of the most beautiful and oldest bazaars of Isfahan Naqsh –e Jahan and Iran. In the past this bazaar had 3 floors but today its remaining two floors only. Gheisarieh Bazaar which concluding one of the main four monuments of Naqsh –e Jahan, has glorious history and architecting. If you walk in from the gate, in front of the pool, you can see remaining painting phenomena on the roof. From the stories who toled in the era of King Abbas Safavid, when he wants to showed the glorious of this building to his guests, he brought them from the gate behind Gheisari’s Bazaar that when they wanted to come up from the stairs, visited a good view of Naqsh –e Jahan Square.

This bazaar has lots of similarities with modern malls of these days because it has different entrances unlike others. Including entrances of this bazaar we can point to Harounie, Orian, Nimavard GOlshan, MOkhles, Samavarsazan & Maghsoud Beik.

Mesgar Ha (Coppersmiths) Bazaar and visiting Isfahan’s handicrafts

Coppersmith is one of the oldest arts among the Isfahanis people and nowadays it becomes one of the monuments and handicrafts of this city. Mesgar Ha Bazaar, which it’s one of the other bazaars of Naqsh –e Jahan, is near to Aali Qapu Palace and located on the north side of the square. The other reasons that we can mention for popularity of this bazaar is the noise of hitting copper by coppersmith’s hammers.

Shops around the Naqsh –e Jahan Square

The shops which located all around the square are other bazaars of Naqsh –e Jahan and it’s always one of the visitors’ reasons who come to this square. In this shops all types of Isfahan’s handicrafts such as Ghalamkari (Calico Works) & Minakari (Enameling) are existing. If you are interesting in confectionaries and sweets, you can buy most popular souvenir of Isfahan, Gaz, with suitable price and quality.

Ameri House in Kashan

Historic House of Ameris in Kashan, is one of the biggest historic houses in Kashan which it belongs to Zandieh Dynasty that in the era of Qajar Dynasty it became larger other parts added to this house. The width of this house which located in Mir Ahmad area of Kashan, is in amount of 7 thousands square meters with vast foundation and as a whole it has 85 rooms. This house has several yards too which the oldest ones are inner and outer yards.

As it mentioned, this house like other historical houses of Kashan, including two parts of outer and inner which each parts has other parts like pool house, porch, rooms with 3 doors, and alcoves with 7 doors that located all around the yard in a complete harmonized.

Isfahan’s Central Mosque (Old Mosque)

The oldest historic house of Isfahan is should be the “Friday Mosque” or “Central Mosque” or “Old Mosque”. Now the building facades of this mosque it belongs to Seljuq Dynasty but it repaired in eras after, especially in Safavid Dynasty. The mosque has several entrances that each of them relating the mosque’s space to the parts of inner sides. All of these entrances not built on a same time and each of them built on a specific history section and related to building’s inner and outer. The Mosque’s Seraglio which it is firmed on circular piles, designed by pretty modelling which belongs to Deilamian Dynasty. It has a beautiful and popular sanctuary too which built on the order of Sultan Mohammad Khodabande and it is named “Al-Jaye-To Sanctuary”.

Flower Garden of Isfahan

“Flower Garden” is a large touristic, cultural, Training and Researching Complex who lots of people use it daily. You can see the traditional architecting of Isfahan here because in the time of building of this garden, they noticed of old garden-building style. Rocky Garden, Waterfall Garden, Herbal & Food Plants Garden and Needle-Leaved Garden are the monuments of this complex. You should visit this garden with your family and make good memories at there. Don’t forget that this complex has a Children Only Area and an Open Air Amphitheater that you can use them.

Birds Garden of Isfahan

The “Birds Garden” was built in 90’s by Municipality of Isfahan and now managed under Welfare-Recreation Org. of Municipality of Isfahan sights. The widths of this garden is about 17 thousands square meters which and surrounding located on wired net on 11 metal piles in heights of 22 meters. This garden has more than 5000 birds from different species. These birds are gathered from Iran and other countries like Australia, Indonesia, China and Tanzania.

Pol –e Khajou Bridge

Pol –e Khajou or Baba Roknoddin Bridge, is located over the Zayanderoud River and the east of Si o Se Pol Bridge and it belongs to King Abbas II of Safavid Dynasty buildings. Pol –e Khajou Bridge because of its architecting, designs and unique tile works, is more popular than other bridges over the Zayanderoud River. According to historian’s writs, The King Abbas II purpose of building this bridge was to connecting two areas called Khajou & Darvaze Hasan Abad to Takht –e Foulad & Rah –e Shiraz together. On the two east and west sides of this bridge, located a building which including several rooms, full of paintings and called Shahneshin which in that era was seating place of grandees and lords who invited and came to saw the swimming and rafting matches on artificial lake.

Vank Cathedral Museums

“Armenian Museum” which it recognized on its name, is treasure of arts and cultures of Armenians and located on Jolfa of Isfahan. Phenomena and memorials which keep in this old museum, not only is interesting from archeology and art consideration, but also tells the destiny of Armenians in long history and because of Armenian’s destiny come along to a part of Iran’s culture and history, is really sounds interesting to us. In this museum, right now, there are 700 handwritten book and more than 450 different things like images and orders of kings, antiques and painting tableaus.

the tenth most visible sites in Kashan

Desert Pearl, Kashan

Kashan is the historical city located in Esfahan province in Iran, which is the first of oases along the Qum-Kerman road that runs along the edge of the Dash-e-Kavir, central desert in Iran. Sialk hillocks located in 4 km west of Kashan reveal one of the primary prehistoric civilizations around 6000 years ago. Moreover, the most well-known historical houses that were built during 18th and 20th century are among the other sites of tourist attractions addressed to be one of breathtaking sites in Kashan. After Esfahan and Shiraz, Kashan known as the most popular city among foreign tourists due to its various tourist attractions. In below, Parvaz Aram Abi tries to introduce the most well-known sceneries and historical sites in Kashan.

1 . Agha-Bozorg mosque

Agha-Bozorg Mosque is the historical mosque in Kashan that was built in 19 century and is one of the best examples of the architectural masterpieces in Qajarieh era that consists two porches, one in front of sanctuary which has 2 minarets with brick dome and the other one located in the entrance door. Furthermore, a courtyard in the middle comprises trees and a fountain in center.

Agha-Bozorg mosque

2 . Sialk hillocks (Sialk Ziggurat)

The Sialk Ziggurat is a largest ancient archeological site in Kashan close to Fin Garden that was told it built by Sialk People, the ancient residents of Kashan. A joint study between the Louver, the institute Francais de Recherché en Iran, and Iran’s culture heritage organization verify the oldest settlement in Sialk back to 5500-6000 BC.

3 . The Traditional Kashan Bazaar

The traditional and oldest Bazaar in Kashan in which located in central of Kashan have been built in Seljuk era (11 century), although its renovation had been done in Safavid period (15 century). Most of its stores have remained until now, and some of them belonged to dozens of generations in which have been transferred to their offspring’s. Most of tourists believe that the most stunning feature of the Bazaar is its impressive ceiling.

The Traditional Kashan Bazaar

4 . Traditional Persian Architecture, Ameri House and Abbasi house, and Tabatabaei house

During 18th and 19th centuries, Kashan was a favorite vacation spot for Iranian wealthy traders and noblemen. In fact, those times were a prosperous times for Iranian merchants to trade between Iran and Russia. Although, in late of 18th century, cause of deadly earthquake in Kashan, most of historical architectures were collapsed including the more wealthy architectures that were built by Shah Abbas I, the mighty Safavid King (1571-1629 CE), however, some of them were survived and others were reconstructed over times.

The most prominent among these impressive architectures can be addressed to Ameri, Abbasi and Tabatabaei houses, all of which, nowadays, have been turned into public museum.

Ameri House

Ameri house was built during Zand era (middle of 18th century) for Agha-Ameri who was responsible for security of Tehran and Kerman route. The house was built in an area of 9000 square meters and has 7 courtyards, like the other house around, it was renovated in 19th century due to fatal earthquake occurred in the late of 18th century.

Ameri House - KASHAN

Abbasi house

Abbasi house is among the largest historical architecture in Kashan that was built in the late 18th century. The house has six courtyards and after death of its primary owner was separated and turned into 6 independent different house that would have been fitted for different families.

Abbasi house as viewpoint of architectural site has an impressive design with stunning stucco, delightful wall painting and Islamic architecture decorations standing in the peak of beauty and elegance.

Abbasi house - KHASHAN

Tabatabaei house

Tabatabaei house is one of the most stunning historical buildings where located in the old part of Kashan. This house Considered as the masterpiece of architecture, by which Tabatabaei, one of the most prominent carpet merchant, which was built in late the 18th century. This stunning house consists 40 rooms, 4 yards, 4 cellars, 3 windward, and 2 aqueducts; moreover, it comprises wall painting, elegant stain glass windows as well as other classic features of tradition Persian architecture, such as Biruni and Andaruni.

Tabatabaei house - KHASHAN

5 . Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse

Sultan Ahmad Bathhouse is a historical Iranian Public Bathhouse that was built in 16th century during Safavid Dynasty, even though it was renewed during Qajar Dynasty due to the fatal earthquake in 1778 that caused widespread damages, in addition, lastly renovation was done in 1996 successfully. The bathhouse covered an area of 1000 square meters including 2 main parts, Sarbineh (dressing hall), large octagonal hall and pool separated by 8 pillars from outer section, and the other part called Garmineh (the hot bathing hall) includes smaller bathing rooms and entrance section which called Khazineh (final bathing room). You can see impressive decoration of turquoise, gold tile-work, brickwork and artistic painting inside of the bathhouse, moreover, its roof consisting of multiple domes that contain convex glasses to provide adequate lighting into bathhouse while hiding it form of outside.

Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse - KHASHAN

6 . Fin Garden

Fin Garden primarily designed as a form of Persian style garden for Shah Abass I, the mightiest king of Safavid Dynasty, who like Kashan very much insofar as he ordered to buried in Kashan. This spectacular garden added to the world heritage of UNESCO in 2011 along other Iranian heritage sites, which is covered 23000 square meters with Cedar trees dating back to 500 years surrounded the garden and its turquoise seven ponds.

Fin Garden - KHASHAN

On one side of the garden is the bathhouse where Amir-Kabir, Iranian Hero, prime minister under Naser-od-Shah from 1848 to 1851 was assassinated cause of plotting the king’s mother. He was fundamental reformed especially in the fields of education and administration, but his popularity had not been appreciated by royal court and the king’s families, therefore, he was imprisoned in Fin Garden and eventually killed in the bathhouse.

 7 . The shrine of Imamzadeh Hilal Ibn Ali

The beautiful shrine of Imamzadeh Hilal Ibn Ali, Prophet Mohammad offspring’s, located in Aran Va Bidgol, a village situated about 15 Km north-west of Kashan. The mausoleum decorated elaborately and designed colorfully. It has one of places near Kashan that has a worth to see it.

The shrine of Imamzadeh Hilal Ibn Ali - KHASHAN

8 . Maranjab Carvansary

Maranjab Caravansary is one of 999 Iranian Caravansaries built by Shah Abbas I in 1603 AD that was located in Aran Va Bidgol desert, near its Salt Lake. It was a significant stopover and a place for rest and recover after a daily’s Journey for passengers of Silk Road who used this route for trading between different parts of Asia especially China, North Africa, and South-Eastern Europe.

Maranjab Caravansary - KHASHAN

Typically, most of traditional Caravansaries had been guarded by a trench scout and 500 armed guards who held responsible for Caravansaries’ security and safe passage of goods from China to Europe and vice versa. Subterranean springs creates fresh water in which just like a miracle on the heart the salty desert.

9 . The stunning village of Abyaneh

Abyaneh village, also known “red village” is one the best preserved villages in Iran dating back hundred years ago in which situated around 80 Km south of Kashan along the slopes of Karkas (Vulture) Mount. An Abyanki woman typically wears a white long scarf covering the shoulders and upper trunk with colorful pattern and an upper-knee skirt while wearing colored flared trousers. The dialect of Abyanki people is classified into Middle Persian language, the language of Sasanian Persia.

The stunning village of Abyaneh - KASHAN

Jame’ mosque with its historical wooden style dating back to 1374 AD, the very old fire temple belong to Abyanki ancient Zoroastrians, and two mausoleum belonged to offspring’s of Imam Kazem, the seventh Imam of Shia are the other spectacular parts of Abyaneh.

April and May are the best time to visit this stunning village, which is the time of Rose-watering.

10 . Niasar Village

Niasar is a small village with full of gardens located 28 Km west of Kashan that its popularity owe to flower-water festival taking place each year in May. Many people in different parts of the world as well as different parts of Iran get together to visit this exiting festival.

Niasar fire temple is one of historical sites in the amazing village located in the highest point and over a rocky hill, which has been made of stones bonded with mortar, however, the main parts of it had been collapsed many years ago.

Niasar cave is a man-made cave for the purpose of worship and like all Mitra (goddess of sun and kindest) caves in the ancient era had been built in full darkness, while signs of water erosion on the rocks proved that the cave had a picturesque area since time immemorial.

A few meters down to the Niasar fire temple, a clean and cool spring flows through the village, considered as the most known earliest springs and located at the beginning of the historical part of this area. Niasar waterfall is an eye-catching place surrounded by beautiful lush tress such as willows, elms, junipers, ash, berries, figs and vines.

Historical and cultural site of Isfahan

Historical and cultural site of Isfahan

Isfahan was the capital city of Iran in number of the Post-Islamic period; however, the peak of city’s glory back to Safavid era. Many visitors like Jean Chardin or Tavernier had been amazed by its stunning architectures, these are the ones who visited Iran in 17th century and reminisced about their itineraries in Isfahan. Numerous monuments, historic bridges (thirty-three bridges) over Zayandeh-Rood River passing through the city, and impressive natural sceneries highlighted Isfahan in the mind of each visitor.

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IMAM MOSQUE

IMAM MOSQUE

Imam mosque is one of the Naqsh-e-Jahan mosques, which has been built in the Safavid era and is a good example of Islamic Architecture. This building is a timeless masterpiece of eleventh century’s Architecture and tiling. Abbasi Jame mosque located in the southern side of Naqsh-e-Jahan  Square and in the vicinity of important buildings such as Ali Qapu and Sheikh Lotfollah mosque.

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