National Botanical Garden of Iran was established in 1968 in Tehran, Iran, with an area of 150 hectares in which is situated about 20 min outside of Tehran. The botanical garden is classified as semi-arid climate and with mean annual precipitation of about 240 mm. The aim of establishing of the garden is to have an extensive collection of native and non-native plants in open spaces or greenhouses. for more knowing about National Botanical Garden of Iran, please follow up Parvaz Aram Abi …
National Botanical Garden of Iran is the garden which cultivated for scientific, educational, and ornamental purposes as well as making people aware of the importance of a wide variety of plants and need for their protection. The garden is also including a library with 11,000 volume, herbaria, and greenhouses. Also, it considers as a worthy source bank genetics to protect genetically the endangered species from extinction, furthermore, knowing about distribution of native plants has been technically feasible through different scientific methods. Searching for new method in propagation and cultivation of valuable species in view of protection and economic is the other issue that to be addressed in the garden.
Moreover, it contains desert plants with sands dunes, 6 lakes including a salt lake and a wadi, hill represent for Zagros Mountains (the west mountains in Iran), Alborz Mountains (the northern mountains in Iran), and Himalaya, waterfalls, a river with 1 km long, Caspian forest covered around 5 hectares, medical plants, fruit garden, systematic area, picnic area with some pavilions and other facilities, arboreta in 15 hectares, native and shrub Iranian trees as well as Chines, Japanese, European, American and Caucasian species plus exotic ones.
The most significant role of national garden is to be major center of horticulture and plant taxonomy in Iran and also with 247,000 different species which to be addressed as the most authentic and unrivaled herbarium in the Middle East. National botanical garden of Iran turns into national treasure of truly Iranian garden style trying to take care of unique nature of Iran and at the same time giving a great chance to study for those who interested in botany field.
Cliff garden, garden show, diverse waterfalls and lakes are the most exciting part of the garden in viewpoint of visitors and also they claimed that April is the time that the garden turns to charming heaven. This spectacular garden that was rooted by the most elite botanical, forests and desert experts standing with its magical beauty and invite the whole world with loud voice to its enchanting surroundings.