Historical Sights in Fars
Some of the Historical Sights in Fars can be listed as below:
Pasargadae was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the 160-ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II; Tall-e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multicultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples. This was reflected in Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures.
2.Persepolis (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Persepolis is one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces of the second half of the first millennium B.C., and was created by the able hands of ancient artists. The construction of Persepolis began during the reign of Dariush I (465- 486 B.C.) around 518 B.C., and continued under his son Xerxes I (425- 464 B.C.) The building operations of this magnificent ensemble went on for around two centuries.
3.Naqshe Rostum (Necropolis)
It is an archeological site located about 12 km North West of Persepolis, in Fars province. Naqsh-e Rajab. Four tombs belonging to Achaemenid kings are carved out of the rock face. They are all at a considerable height of the ground. It also contains some wonderful bas-reliefs dating back to Sassanid era.
4.Bishapour (Shapour’s City)
Bishapour was the grand capital of the greatest of Sassanid kings, Shapour I. It was built alongside the ancient imperial Road, which was once one of the country’s most strategic roads. The city was later called Antiuk Shapour, meaning more beautiful than Antakieh, in Asia Minor, and this was due to its location in the beautiful green River crossing it.
In addition to all these natural features, the city’s architecture examples of sophisticated stonework can be seen in Tang-e Chogan located in the Northern section of the city.
The gigantic reception hall of Shapour Palace, which was built in the Southeaster section of Anahita Temple, and occupies about 781 square meters, is one of the earliest and biggest dome- shaped architectural works during the Sassanid era .
Quran gate is historical gate in the beautiful city of Shiraz. It is located in the Northeastern entrance of the city, on the way to Isfahan. It is considered to be one of the most picturesque entrance in Iran one can enjoy spending the night out in this wonderful place.
6.Karim Khan Citadel (Arg-e Karim Khan)
The Arg of Kari Khan was the residence of Karim Khan where he ruled. It was built in the 18th century A.D., as part of a complex during the Zand Dynasty and is named after Karim Khan, and also served as his living quarters. It is the biggest and the most important building of Zand Dynasty. The citadel is located is located in North East of Shiraz. Its shape resembles a medieval fortress. The citadel has three palaces and its entrance angle is allocated to services section. After the hall of Zand Dynasty and during the Qajar era, the citadel was used as the governor’s seat and turned into the residence of Fars governor.