Monthly Archives: July 2020

Golestan Palace Museum Gallery

Museum Gallery

The current location of Iranian painting, on the northwest side of the Golestan Palace, which today is known as the gallery and its upper floor in the name of the museum room, Hall Hi, or crowned hall, in fact, the building of the first n-Din Shah Qajar trip to Farang in the year (1252. (e) and his visit to museums of those countries, and his determination to create a more comprehensive museum that joins reality.

The design and architecture of the Museum Room (Hall hi or crowned), Mirror Hall, head of the house and the dock of their houses, namely the current Gallery and special Museum, by Haji Abolhassan Surto, Sani OL, and its construction with Mirza Yahya Khan Motamed-ol-Molk, was the minister of Construction.

Construction of this building was completed in 1255.

In 1346, due to holding the crowned ceremony of Mohammad Reza Shah and doing affairs related to the preparation of the building of the Golestan Palace for official ceremonies, the ceiling of the gallery was repaired and then the year 1374 operation the architecture began by connecting two parts of the south and north of this building to each other and by doing a detailed restoration that lasted two years, this section was opened as the “Golestan Palace Gallery” for the public visit.

Museum Gallery now includes two southern and northern parts:

The southern part, which is in fact part of the House Dock Hi, and in the past uses such as the room store of the museum, the office of the owner of the property and the home phone, is now dedicated to the screening of paintings mainly in the Qajar period and the 1990s.

Among these works are works of Professor Mirza Baba, Ahmad, Afshar, Ali Akbar Mozal-Dawlah, Abolhassan Khan Ghaffari (Sani ol-Molk), and uncle-ol-Molk… .

The northern part was also constructed at the time of the second Pahlavi and was dedicated to the headquarters of the Royal Guard House (the Barracks).

This section, which traces the works of the Qajar painters in its place, includes the expensive works of artists called the Professor Mahmoud Khan Saba (Malek-ol), Professor Mohammad Ghaffari Kashani (Kamal-Molk) and Ostad Mehdi

 

Special Museum

The museum is a part of the Pond House hi (at the same time as the construction of the north-west of the Golestan Palace, which in fact resulted from the determination of the Shah Qajar in order to make changes in the Royal Citadel after returning from the first Frangstan trip).

The architecture of this building was done by Haj Abolhassan Memar, he initially worked under the hand of Mohammad Hassan Khan Sani al-Dawlah in gardens and royal palaces, and, due to the talent and service and the design and creation of some interesting monuments such as the design and implementation of the hi-Mirror Hall in the Covenant of the Shah of the architect’s king, then was honored with the epithet of

The principal of the museum was Mirza Yahya Khan Motamed-ol-Molk (Secretary), Mr. Mirza Hossein Khan Sepah Salar (Sadr al-Din-Shah) and the groom of the Shah (the son of the Shah’s wife).

The building took place in the second Pahlavi period, and the walls and ceilings were in a very decorative way, and then took the Special museum.

The objects in this museum are of the most exquisite works rather than the remaining of the Qajar kings–which part of these objects are the component of the series of works, which have been once in the room of the Naser Shah Museum–which has either reached their pre-earned periods or have been purchased on behalf of the Kings and artists of their own age or by themselves or advocating.

 

Diamond Hall

Before construction of the hall, the house or the Crystal Hall was in place.

About the Crystal Hall that was counted as the monuments of Fath-Ali Shah in books and writings except a brief name and point of reference, it cannot be achieved a picture rather than the design and shape of the building it can be detected because the arabesque mirror is abundant or due to the installation of the Octagon Crystal Dock and the Chelcheragh that the emperor of Russia Alexander first was sent to Fath-Ali Shah This is called a crystal read Is.

At the time of Naser Shah, which, due to the ancient monuments of the citadel, often destroyed them in the reigned of new buildings, they would also ruin the hall and created a reigned in the name of a diamond, but apparently, the new hall had to be crystal on the same hall, and so they could not have the floor enough of other bluehost.

Because during the reign of Muzaffar Shah in the foundation of the Fluence Hall was in the building that a lot of repairs had been made on decorating and carving, and this is achieved from the theme of oval-shaped inscription in the hall facade front.

. A very high-work, oily painting and beauty Board of the Diamond Hall before the repairs and changes of the Covenant Muzaffar Shah by Abolhassan Khan (Yahya Khan, son of Abolhassan Khan Sani ol-Molk), which is now hung in the Golestan Palace in the hall hello to the wall.

Shams Alamare Mansion

The impact of the imagery of the European countries ‘ buildings and skyscrapers tends to be a tendency to create a monument such as Frangstan buildings in its capital to be able to watch the scenic city of Tehran and the landscape around the world.

Of course, the construction of this building as an important urban indicator is also not ignored by the construction of the Nasiriyah Street (Ibnekhaldun).

The construction of two towers is also shaped by the mirrors and paintings and stucco of the pavement, walls and ceilings, as the display of various methods of interior decorating of buildings in Iran is unparalleled.

This building was opened after the restoration of the master Mohammad Karim Pirnia, as well as refurbished early years in the Eighties for public visit.

It should be noted: the upper floors of the Shams Alamare mansion do not visit.

House Photo Museum

Previously among the pond of the house there was a marble pond and the water was flowing from the blue tile in it, and now to prevent the penetration of the moisture and the destruction of the building in years, the water flow is interrupted and water supply is impairing.

The kings of the Qajar period usually, if they were causal in the summer of Tehran and did not go to countryside, they also used the pond of the house.

According to, during Naser Shah in the pond House of this mansion (current House photo Museum) “A variety of beautiful poultry…. Had abandoned.

On the one side of the mansion, the nest and the cages and birds were brought to a lot of each other, and sometimes when they were given seed, the Shah came to watch, and with the Companions of the birds and their way of harvesting. ”

The museum presents a selection of Qajar photos along with its photographic instruments.

The place of the House museum after abundant restoration in current form.

. The album of the House of the Golestan Palace, the museum is a brief expression of the second collection after Royal England.

Nasir al-Din Shah has been interested in the photography fan, and the photos that he has taken along with the photographs that his hand is on the House museum has been exhibited.

Golestan Palace Part 2

Marble Bed Mansion

The old marble Throne porch is the oldest building in the palace of Golestan, making it return to the era of Karim Khan Zand.

Marble Throne Ivan is the place in which the kings of Qajar have sat in this place, and the different classes of people were substandard in particular times.

The history of this drawing of several thousand years can be recycled in different historical periods of Iran.

The mansion has undergone many changes in the Qajar period. When Mohammad Khan was seized in Shiraz, he ordered the lawyer to be destroyed and the House of the Supreme Court in Tehran.

These transitional works include: two pillars of marble and integrated, which were prepared from Shiraz mines, and two brightest works of Professor Mohammad Jafar Khatam Shirazi, silver, ivory huso, Camel bone and… It is well-carved on them, and it is painted with a marble and a beautiful plant with oil paint.

Ivan Shahi, the main part of the building, which was held in the public ceremony (ceremonies, greetings and other official ceremonies) and the coronation in it, was the last public at the marble Throne porch, at the time of the first Pahlavi.

Earrings were also used to serve guests who attended the ceremony.

The veranda is comprised of five in the open and the washing is opened to the upper side.

The top part is that the Ashoka is called with the Chinese knit technique.

At the top of the Ivan there are six paintings behind the glass, gifts French court Nasereddin the king.

In the upper part of the porch is two mirror, which is part of gifts Alexander, the emperor of Russia to Fath Ali Shah.

Ivan and earrings were restored in different periods.

Once again, the ceiling and floor in the second Pahlavi period were changed again in the year 1995.

Marble bed is carved by fath-Ali Shah Qajar from exporter marble mines in Isfahan, and is located in the form of a long-walled platform in the middle of the porch.

This flat is based on the story of Solomon’s throne, which was built on the court’s shower and the fairyland.

Bed design by Professor Mirza Baba Shirazi the court Painter of Qajar and its carvings were carried out under the supervision of Professor Mohammad Ibrahim Esfahani and other professors such as Mohammad Hossein, Mohammad Bagher, Professor Morteza and Ostad Gholamali.

The flat height of the patio floor is about one meter and is from 65 pieces of large and small marble (5 pieces of smooth marble to 12cm from the following to each other with 7 pieces of stairs, 20 tares The pieces, foundations, and columns and sculptures are made of 21-piece beds, small sculptures around 12piece bed) and have been placed on a 3dave shower and 6angel or man.

In the middle of the two stairs that are carved on the vertical surface of the dragon stairs and at the sides of the first statue of the 2lion sculpture

The flat around the bed has a scrolls, which is written within each of them a bit or a verses of two ballade of Fath-Ali Khan Saba (Malek Alshara) in adulation Fath’ali Shah and a marble throne, and by Ostad Mehdi Tehrani, Malek Aliab Soltani.

 

Karim Khani retreats

In the northwest corner of the enclosure, Golestan, sticking to the big hello and infrastructure, indoor and columns, hanging a porch, three-span, double penetration there is in the middle of it dock, Fusion, made, and subterranean water cress from among its out the facts and in the gardens of the Royal stream can be found.

Way of passing from C, garden, Golestan Diwan Khaneh and big marble throne formerly of this place, but it was in the time of Nasir al-Din Shah to bestow change the disposition of the buildings, which the Ford block was.

This part of the Golestan Palace, that of the frontage or privacy karimkhani is called, as the name suggests, of the two in terms of locations and historical are expected to be the one to cause the basis of the monument that at the time there was founded and the other to the cause of the oppressed and act cowardly E. That Agham Mohammad Khan Qajar in this place with the bones of the decayed karimkhan valid will be.

To recipes, Agha Mohammad Khan, the remnants of the corpse, karimkhan Zand from the pavilion(the location of the current museum, pars in Shiraz) to Tehran, carrying them, and under the stairs the same privacy karimkhani that place pedestrians daily, he was buried him, however, the bones of it, the king is spirited years stampede’s goal was and courtiers obsequious, it’s time in the laying the foot over lawyer on each other, overtaking can people and is famous for that, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, with the tip of the sword that the waist had multi-hit penetration, also on the soil left

.After Agha Mohammad Khan, the episode of monuments, the Royal on the effect of the changes that several times in the time of Nasir al-Din Shah was given to convert to premises, the small the yard Karim Khani was by the fence of iron from the garden of the Golestan isolated pro rata for remained due to Safa that was sometimes Nasir al-Din Shah in this cozy corner alone next to dock it to the rest dealt can take.

After the extinction of Qajar and during the first Pahlavi (February 1925) the order of cleaving and exploring under the right stairs of the forecourt was issued.

The workers, who were also from the clan, etc, were under the supervision of Professor Hussein, track and field, under stairs shall have peeled after some soil mapping parts bones King knocks out brought

.After the Bone Collector, the attorney, from the Ministry of the imperial court Qom, an order was issued and he was local in the Tomb of Shah Safi and Shah Sultan Hussein in Iraq determined and bones attorney that part of its territory, has only small parts was left to us to carry was in place, the mentioned burial was.

Two artistic index works are currently in karimkhani retreat :

– Naser al-Din Shah gravestone

– Fathali Shahi bed

In the margin also of decorating multiple use is under the left foot of King, carved, practice, master, ‘ Abbas Quli, but historical sources name Ali Akbar as self-reconstruction main have mentioned

. The late Mohammad Ali Foroughi – Zaka Al-Molk-brought in the form of his daily notes:

“… For the tombstone Nasir al-Din Shah mentioned Nasir al-Din Shah have made the face.

Its Hajar is Mirza Ali Akbar – Nami. Say he is proficient in this industry.

The appointment I heard is the steward of Amir al-Alam stone. I don’t know who that is.

The Shah’s face is taken from the work of Kamal-ol-Molk and the classes of Rijal Nasir al-Din Shah builds.

Say, it had been spent thirty thousand USD .”

In the southern part of the backyard Karim Khani and in the next to the stone grave of Nasir al-Din Shah Takhti, from free marble, which is located according to the documentation available in the documentation centre, video, Golestan Palace in Qajar era a while the front of the mansion, the outlet and the deflector, and have in the period of Pahlavi the second to the location transmitted is

. The poems surrounding the throne belong to the time of Fathali Shah show(…Khedive six for Fathali Shah)

Golestan Palace

Although the history of the Golestan Palace has been on the time of Shah Abbas Safavi and part of his itinerary, it proves that in the following series, there is also a more attention that in the Karimkhan Testament we have been among the years 1760 to 1767.

This collection also has been made with a divankhanh of fundamental changes. However, the real importance of the Citadel can be attributed to Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar era.

At the end of the period of Zandieh and after the death of the Karimkhan of Iran’s internal crisis, the Qajar was led to the southern slopes of Alborz, provincial Tehran and Damghan, and tried to gradually open its way to the Fars State Center and the power of Zandieh.

Agha Mohammad Khan returned to Tehran after being overcome of the Shamcurrent Khan Zand in March 1795 and in Nowruz 1796, the name of the king of Iran.

This move was royal to the importance of the Arg-e Khan more than before and in the Covenant of Fath Ali Shah Qajar for his investment in this city (at the same time with Napoleon) and the Shokouhmand of this king, the Golestan Palace had more development and arastegi better experience.

In the Nasereddin Testament of the Shah Qajar of Golestan Palace (nearly 49 years) and his visit as the first King of Europe in three trips to the years 1873, 1878 and 1889.

Although during the last three kings of the dynasty of Qajar (Mozaffaredin Shah, Mohammad Ali Shah and Ahmad Shah Qajar) to the extinction of this royal citadel in terms of architecture, but its history with extraordinary political events, such as the Constitutional revolution and the consequences of it, was Ajin, which formed a separate part of the historical memory of the Iranian nation.

Royal Arg in the years following the extinction of the Qajar dynasty and on the work of the Pahlavi dynasty saw the first Pahlavi (May 4, 1888) and the second Pahlavi (November 4, 1928), and some of the changes and appropriation in his own tissue, we know them inadmissible and unoperative.

Nevertheless, the Golestan Palace, with a high-end memory of 442 years, is one of the most unique historical n set of Iran, this series does not only indicate an important part of history the art of this boundary and the canvas, but it has become a unique collection of purity and the most important part of the history of Iran due to its exceptionally effective events.

Although the Golestan Palace is currently osati equal to 5.4 hectares (one tenth of the initial extent) in a part of the city of Tehran, party of the urban limbs are broken, and around it is full of new and high-and anonymous performance homogenize with him, Ulikan should be to abandon this valuable collection of the regional problems in which it is located and the Golestan Palace complex to be the foundation of the region and historical context which includes the National museum, the field of homework…. Link.

 

Farah Abad Mansion (seraglio):

The Golestan Palace was associated with several in the narrow corridors of the Shrine of the House, which was also called Viscus and Farah Abad.

Prior to the reign of Naser Shah mansion Viscus the same buildings and chambers of Fath-Ali Shah and says the deceased Maeer Almamalek of this part of the Royal Bitat was not a great breadth but the way of building was joy.

In the early years of Naser Shah, which was given significant changes in the Royal Citadel, the guidance of the Al Safay of Nazareth in the Viscus was created by Haj Alikhan Chamberlain al-Dawlah and to the year 1855.

After the markers of the Shah’s shrine, he was forced to grow and have gone to the place of the viscus, and they had to regain a larger scale in the year 1882. And with the stewardship of Agha Ebrahim Khan Amin Censur, he had ruined all the institutions made by contrast al-Dawlah and added to the extent of viscus.

Once the Viscus buildings were finished in the garden Duraround the yard and the courtyard was established in 1886 .-Naser, the Shah was determined to kakhi a new style in the middle of the garden.

The stewardship of this palace was also given to Mohammad Ibrahim Khan Amin Censur.

The construction of the palace lasted for one year and was opened on April 3 1887

Unlike the other, the house was decorated with a European-style building that was built on the palace of the Ottoman Sultan Garden.

The entire buildings of Viscus mansion were destroyed during the Pahlavi period and assigned to the Ministry of assets.

Exit mansion

In the past time, almost connected to the northeast side of Shams Alamare, a large and long mansion of Golestan Garden was divided into two parts, which was called the outlet mansion.

The building from east to West includes: Museum room, Golestan Mirror Hall, the House’s Fund and royal Rkhtdarkhaneh.

The grounds of the palace had been established at the time of Agha Khan, but to the year 1801, the Shah was completed.

After the return of a larger-than-a-year-old museum, al-Din Shah established the building in 1879… it turned into a large lake or pool, which connects the swimming pool of the windward and Shams Alamare and the pool front of the main palace.

The pool is filled in the early first Pahlavi reign and is now dedicated to green space.

The name of the Golestan Palace of the name of the room or the hall of Golestan Fath-Shahi, which was in the outlet mansion, was taken through the name except to the whole of all the royal palaces, but sometimes the new mirror Hall also called the Golestan Hall.