Category Archives: FARS

ALL ABOUT FARS

Introduction:

Fars province is known as cradle of Iran culture and civilization, due to be unique historical and cultural background. The province recorded around 3000 monuments on the national Heritage list, and ranks first in the country in terms of having cultural and historical monuments. The existence of four UNESCO world heritage sites such as: Pasargad, Persepolice, Pasargad Persian Garden (date back to Achaemenid era), Eram Garden, as well as historical cities of Anshan and Malian (Date back to Elimate era), historical cities of Istakhr, Bishapour, Goor, Sarmashhad, Darabgerd, and more than 30 Sassanid bas- relief indicates the importance of the Fars province.

The existence of two prominent poets by the name of Hafez and Saadi, having many beautiful mosques, holy shrines lead to Fars special position among other provinces that is why Shiraz, the capital of Fars Province regarded as third religious city in Islamic Republic of Iran as well as cultural capital of the country.

Having very many unique natural places in which most of them are regarded as top tourism spot; introduce Fars Province as one of the most important investment opportunities for domestic and international investors.

In addition to all above information, having different kinds of handicrafts field with presence of the best handicrafts artisans’ shows high potential of Fars Province in realm of handicrafts.

Inlaid work artisan of Fars Province introduce this art to all part of Iran and the rest of the world, moreover, authentic nomad’s art and hand-woven nomadic art cannot be found elsewhere in the world.

Fars Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts & Tourism organization has always tried to step forward to identify, protect and introduce historical, natural and religious attractions in order to accomplish its mission.

MAIN SIGHTS 

 1.Historical Sights

Pasargadae

Persepolis (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Naqshe Rostum (Necropolis)

Bishapour (Shapour’s City)

Quran Gate

Karim Khan Citadel (Arg-e Karim Khan)

2.Gardens

Eram Botanical Garden (UNESCO Word Heritage Site)

Naranjestan

Zinat al- Molk House

3.Mosques

Holy Shrine of Shah-e Cheragh

Nasir-al-Molk Mosque

Vakil Mosque

4.Mausoleums

Hafez Mausoleum

Saadi Mausoleum

5.Other

Vakil Bath

Vakil Bazaar

Handicrafts

Other Attractions of Shiraz

Other Attractions of Shiraz

Other Attractions of Shiraz can be listed as below:

1.Vakil Bath

Vakil bath is a typical traditional public bath in Shiraz. It was a part of the royal district constructed during Karim Khan Zand’s reign, which includes Arg of Karim Khan (Karim Khan Citadel), Vakil Bazaar, Vakil Mosque and many other administrative buildings.

2.Vakil Bazaar

Most tourists go shopping in Vakil bazaar. It has its own charm; you are going to explore this bazaar for shopping at reasonable prices. You will also be amazed by the fascinating high-arched ceilings of Vakil Bazaar in the southern section.

Soon after entering, you can see a dome with a junction underneath. It gives you an idea of the passageways crossing the main one offering similar items, workshops and warehouses. Proceed to the end of this passageway and you will see dozens of fabric stores selling glittering materials.

There is also a traditional caravansary located in this beautiful bazaar, that you can see the astonishing set of stores offering Iranian traditional handicrafts from carpets to enamel works and from inlaid woodworks to copper items. This colorful place, which called Saraye Moshir, is an impressive part of the bazaar and easily distinguished for its charming tile works and the pool in the middle of its courtyard. Several types of handicrafts from Fars province can be found here.

3.Handicrafts

The distinguished Handicrafts of Fars have special place in international markets. Persian carpets and rugs (Kilim, Flat tapestry-woven carpets), (Gabbe, handmade thick Persian rug), Inlaid works (Khatam) and tile work are very famous.

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Seven Colored Tile – work

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Gereh Chini (Decorative Wood Lattice)
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Embossing

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Plasterwork

Mausoleums in Shiraz

Mausoleums in Shiraz

Some of the Mausoleums in Shiraz can be listed as below:

1.Hafez Mausoleum

Hafez Mausoleum in shiraz

Hafez is a Persian eminent poet of worldwide fame. He was born in the early 14th century and achieved early fame for learning the Holy Quran by heart as a child. His works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are to be found in the homes of most people in Iran, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and saying now.

In the 18th century A.D., Karim Khan-e Zand built a splendid edifice beside the tomb of Hafez, which embraced a hall with four high monolithic pillars and a large garden. The French architect Andre Godard designed the existing building. The plan was put into operation with efforts expended by Ali Asghar HEkmat in 1936.

2.Saadi Mausoleum

Saadi Mausoleum in shiraz

Saadi is the famous Iranian poet, writer and philosopher who was born and demised in the 13th century A.D. in Shiraz. He was one of the eminent Persian poets of the medieval period.

He is not only famous in Persian- speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well. Saadi traveled  a lot and visited many parts of the world. His most famous works are Golestan (the Rose Garden) and Bustan (The orchard).

His mausoleum lies in the North East of Shiraz where he lived. The structure was rebuilt during the reign of Karim Khan-e Zand in the 18th century  A.D. The construction of the current mausoleum ended in 1952 A.D. The splendid mausoleum masterfully combines the achievements of modern architecture with traditional building techniques.

Mosques in Shiraz

Mosques in Shiraz

Some of the Mosques in Shiraz can be listed as below:

1.Holy Shrine of Shah-e Cheragh

Shah-e Cheragh is a shrine and mosque in Shiraz, housing the tomb of the brothers, Ahmad and Muhammad, sons of Imam Musa Al-Kazem (A.S) and brothers of Imam Reza (A.S), The shrines became celebrated pilgrimage centers in the 14th century A.D. Shah-e Cheragh is Persian for “King f the Light”. The mosque is the most important place of pilgrimage in Shiraz. It attracts large numbers of pilgrims who can also rest and relax in the vast courtyard of the shrine. The Shrine’s massive dome is inlaid with hundreds of thousands of pieces of finely crafted tiles and the interior walls are likewise covered with myriad pieces of dazzling glass intermixed with multi-colored tiles. The decorative work in a mosaic of mirrors, the inscriptions in stucco, the ornamentation of the doors covered with panels of silver, the portico and the wide courtyard are very attractive.

2.Nasir-al-Molk Mosque

The mosque was built during the Qajar Era, and is still in use under protection by Nasir-al-Mulk’s Endowment Foundation. It was built by the order of Mirza Hasan Ali Nasir-al-mulk, one of the lords of the Qajar Dynasty, in 1876 A.D., and was finished in 1888 A.D. The mosque extensively uses colored glass in its façade, and it displays other traditional elements such as Panj Kaseh (five concaves) in its design. It is also famous as pink Mosque due to the usage of beautiful pink color tiles for its interior design.

3.Vakil Mosque

Vakil mosque, which is one of the most beautiful Mosques that has ever been made in Iran, is located in the east side of pavilion and nearby Vakil Bath with the area of 8660 square meters. For construction of this rigid Mosque first they penetrated the ground in order to reach to the water then they filled it up by stone, soil, and lime, after that the sustainable foundation. In order to desirable the constancy of the Mosque we can say that it hasn’t been destroyed after two large earthquakes and it has totally preserved. Its integrated cutting considered as masterpieces of the Zand era.

Gardens in Shiraz

Gardens in Shiraz

Some of the Gardens in Shiraz can be listed as below:

1.Eram Botanical Garden (UNESCO Word Heritage Site)

The Eram Garden is one of the most beautiful and monumental Persian Gardens. Apparently, its history goes back to the period of the Saljuq Dynasty (A.D. 1194- 1038). Since its construction and until the late 18th century, it was predominantly used by the local rulers and Persian monarchs. The main building of the garden consists of three stories. In he basement one can see a beautiful small pond while on the second floor, at the center of the building is a large porch with two high standing pillars. The presence of tall and beautiful cypress trees around the garden captures everyone’s attention. The pleasant fragrance of flower along with the song of nightingales and the alluring dance of blossoms enchant the visitors.

2.Naranjestan

Qavam Orangery (Naranjestan) is one of the Qajar’s monuments, with a splendid groined ceiling; the complex of Naranjestan is arranged around a well-tended courtyard and planted with citrus trees. Its principal building stands at the back to the court, and is fronted by an ornamental pol, the building served mainly formal and central portico, flanked an array of halls and rooms on both sides. Elevated above the court level and supported by two slender, round columns, it is ascended by wide stone staircases. The remarkable artworks used in this building are seven arts of Iran including moldings, traditional painting, mirror decorating, brickwork, stone craving, tile work and woodcarving.

3.Zinat al- Molk House

It is a gorgeous traditional private house of the court governor of Fars province if Qajar era. It was part of a compound consists of an administrative building called Naranjestan Qavam and a residence part, where only close people were admitted.

Historical Sights in Fars

Historical Sights in Fars

Some of the Historical Sights in Fars can be listed as below:

1.Pasargadae

Pasargadae was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the 160-ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II; Tall-e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multicultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples. This was reflected in Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures.

 2.Persepolis (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Persepolis is one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces of the second half of the first millennium B.C., and was created by the able hands of ancient artists. The construction of Persepolis began during the reign of Dariush I (465- 486 B.C.) around 518 B.C., and continued under his son Xerxes I (425- 464 B.C.) The building operations of this magnificent ensemble went on for around two centuries.

 3.Naqshe Rostum (Necropolis)

It is an archeological site located about 12 km North West of Persepolis, in Fars province. Naqsh-e Rajab. Four tombs belonging to Achaemenid kings are carved out of the rock face. They are all at a considerable height of the ground. It also contains some wonderful bas-reliefs dating back to Sassanid era.

4.Bishapour (Shapour’s City)

Bishapour was the grand capital of the greatest of Sassanid kings, Shapour I. It was built alongside the ancient imperial Road, which was once one of the country’s most strategic roads. The city was later called Antiuk Shapour, meaning more beautiful than Antakieh, in Asia Minor, and this was due to its location in the beautiful green River crossing it.

In addition to all these natural features, the city’s architecture examples of sophisticated stonework can be seen in Tang-e Chogan located in the Northern section of the city.

The gigantic reception hall of Shapour Palace, which was built in the Southeaster section of Anahita Temple, and  occupies about 781 square meters, is one of the earliest and biggest dome- shaped architectural works during the Sassanid era .

5.Quran Gate

Quran gate is historical gate in the beautiful city of Shiraz. It is located in the Northeastern entrance of the city, on the way to Isfahan. It is considered to be one of the most picturesque entrance in Iran one can enjoy spending the night out in this wonderful place.

6.Karim Khan Citadel (Arg-e Karim Khan)

The Arg of Kari Khan was the residence of Karim Khan where he ruled. It was built in the 18th century A.D., as part of a complex during the Zand Dynasty and is named after Karim Khan, and also served as his living quarters. It is the biggest and the most important building of Zand Dynasty. The citadel is located is located in North East of Shiraz. Its shape resembles a medieval fortress. The citadel has three palaces and its entrance angle is allocated to services section.  After the hall of Zand Dynasty and during the Qajar era, the citadel was used as the governor’s seat and turned into the residence of Fars governor.