Other Attractions of Shiraz
Other Attractions of Shiraz can be listed as below:
Vakil bath is a typical traditional public bath in Shiraz. It was a part of the royal district constructed during Karim Khan Zand’s reign, which includes Arg of Karim Khan (Karim Khan Citadel), Vakil Bazaar, Vakil Mosque and many other administrative buildings.
Most tourists go shopping in Vakil bazaar. It has its own charm; you are going to explore this bazaar for shopping at reasonable prices. You will also be amazed by the fascinating high-arched ceilings of Vakil Bazaar in the southern section.
Soon after entering, you can see a dome with a junction underneath. It gives you an idea of the passageways crossing the main one offering similar items, workshops and warehouses. Proceed to the end of this passageway and you will see dozens of fabric stores selling glittering materials.
There is also a traditional caravansary located in this beautiful bazaar, that you can see the astonishing set of stores offering Iranian traditional handicrafts from carpets to enamel works and from inlaid woodworks to copper items. This colorful place, which called Saraye Moshir, is an impressive part of the bazaar and easily distinguished for its charming tile works and the pool in the middle of its courtyard. Several types of handicrafts from Fars province can be found here.
The distinguished Handicrafts of Fars have special place in international markets. Persian carpets and rugs (Kilim, Flat tapestry-woven carpets), (Gabbe, handmade thick Persian rug), Inlaid works (Khatam) and tile work are very famous.
Mausoleums in Shiraz
Some of the Mausoleums in Shiraz can be listed as below:
Hafez is a Persian eminent poet of worldwide fame. He was born in the early 14th century and achieved early fame for learning the Holy Quran by heart as a child. His works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are to be found in the homes of most people in Iran, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and saying now.
In the 18th century A.D., Karim Khan-e Zand built a splendid edifice beside the tomb of Hafez, which embraced a hall with four high monolithic pillars and a large garden. The French architect Andre Godard designed the existing building. The plan was put into operation with efforts expended by Ali Asghar Hekmat in 1936.
Saadi is the famous Iranian poet, writer and philosopher who was born and demised in the 13th century A.D. in Shiraz. He was one of the eminent Persian poets of the medieval period.
He is not only famous in Persian- speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well. Saadi traveled a lot and visited many parts of the world. His most famous works are Golestan (the Rose Garden) and Bustan (The orchard).
His mausoleum lies in the North East of Shiraz where he lived. The structure was rebuilt during the reign of Karim Khan-e Zand in the 18th century A.D. The construction of the current mausoleum ended in 1952 A.D. The splendid mausoleum masterfully combines the achievements of modern architecture with traditional building techniques.
Mosques in Shiraz
Some of the Mosques in Shiraz can be listed as below:
1.Holy Shrine of Shah-e Cheragh
Shah-e Cheragh is a shrine and mosque in Shiraz, housing the tomb of the brothers, Ahmad and Muhammad, sons of Imam Musa Al-Kazem (A.S) and brothers of Imam Reza (A.S), The shrines became celebrated pilgrimage centers in the 14th century A.D. Shah-e Cheragh is Persian for “King f the Light”. The mosque is the most important place of pilgrimage in Shiraz. It attracts large numbers of pilgrims who can also rest and relax in the vast courtyard of the shrine. The Shrine’s massive dome is inlaid with hundreds of thousands of pieces of finely crafted tiles and the interior walls are likewise covered with myriad pieces of dazzling glass intermixed with multi-colored tiles. The decorative work in a mosaic of mirrors, the inscriptions in stucco, the ornamentation of the doors covered with panels of silver, the portico and the wide courtyard are very attractive.
The mosque was built during the Qajar Era, and is still in use under protection by Nasir-al-Mulk’s Endowment Foundation. It was built by the order of Mirza Hasan Ali Nasir-al-Mulk, one of the lords of the Qajar Dynasty, in 1876 A.D., and was finished in 1888 A.D. The mosque extensively uses colored glass in its façade, and it displays other traditional elements such as Panj Kaseh (five concaves) in its design. It is also famous as pink Mosque due to the usage of beautiful pink color tiles for its interior design.
Vakil mosque, which is one of the most beautiful Mosques that has ever been made in Iran, is located in the east side of pavilion and nearby Vakil Bath with the area of 8660 square meters. For construction of this rigid Mosque first they penetrated the ground in order to reach to the water then they filled it up by stone, soil, and lime, after that the sustainable foundation. In order to desirable the constancy of the Mosque we can say that it hasn’t been destroyed after two large earthquakes and it has totally preserved. Its integrated cutting considered as masterpieces of the Zand era.
Gardens in Shiraz
Some of the Gardens in Shiraz can be listed as below:
1.Eram Botanical Garden (UNESCO Word Heritage Site)
The Eram Garden is one of the most beautiful and monumental Persian Gardens. Apparently, its history goes back to the period of the Saljuq Dynasty (A.D. 1194- 1038). Since its construction and until the late 18th century, it was predominantly used by the local rulers and Persian monarchs. The main building of the garden consists of three stories. In the basement one can see a beautiful small pond while on the second floor, at the center of the building is a large porch with two high standing pillars. The presence of tall and beautiful cypress trees around the garden captures everyone’s attention. The pleasant fragrance of flower along with the song of nightingales and the alluring dance of blossoms enchant the visitors.
Qavam Orangery (Naranjestan) is one of the Qajar’s monuments, with a splendid groined ceiling; the complex of Naranjestan is arranged around a well-tended courtyard and planted with citrus trees. Its principal building stands at the back to the court, and is fronted by an ornamental pol, the building served mainly formal and central portico, flanked an array of halls and rooms on both sides. Elevated above the court level and supported by two slender, round columns, it is ascended by wide stone staircases. The remarkable artworks used in this building are seven arts of Iran including moldings, traditional painting, mirror decorating, brickwork, stone craving, tile work and woodcarving.
3.Zinat al- Molk House
It is a gorgeous traditional private house of the court governor of Fars province if Qajar era. It was part of a compound consists of an administrative building called Naranjestan Qavam and a residence part, where only close people were admitted.